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Haskins in the News

     

Like Mother, Like Daughter--the Science Says So, Too
A new study bolsters evidence that brain structure and mood disorders are genetically passed from mother to daughter

By Jordana Cepelewicz on January 26, 2016

“Our study’s uniqueness,” says lead author Fumiko Hoeft, an associate professor of psychiatry at the University of California, San Francisco, “is that we’re the first one to get the whole family and scan both parents and offspring to look at how similar their brain networks are. We can tell, even though the genetics are more complicated than we originally thought, who we got our eye color from. And we joke about inheriting stubbornness or organization—but we’ve never actually seen that in human brain networks before. [This research] was a proof of impact, of using a new design that has significant potential.”

Like Mother Like Daugter

We often attribute key characteristics to one of our parents: “He gets his athleticism from his father.” “Her quickness to anger—that’s all her mother.” Whether the genetics are actually pulling the strings in these cases is another story. But a growing body of research has suggested that heredity does apply to mood disorders—including depression, which afflicts more than 2.8 million adolescents in the U.S. alone—and that there is compelling evidence hereditary ties are strong between mothers and daughters. « Read the Article In Scientific American »


  Brain Structure


Brain Structure Governing Emotion Is Passed Down From Mother To Daughter, Says UCSF Study
Research Is First Evidence That Brain Structure Implicated In Depression May Be Inherited
By on


A study of 35 families led by a UC San Francisco psychiatric researcher showed for the first time that the structure of the brain circuitry known as the corticolimbic system is more likely to be passed down from mothers to daughters than from mothers to sons or from fathers to children of either gender.

The corticolimbic system governs emotional regulation and processing and plays a role in mood disorders, including depression.

A large body of human clinical research indicates a strong association in depression between mothers and daughters, while many previous animal studies have shown that female offspring are more likely than males to show changes in emotion-associated brain structures in response to maternal prenatal stress. Until now, however, there have been few studies that attempted to link the two streams of research, said lead author Fumiko Hoeft, MD, PhD, a UCSF associate professor of psychiatry.« Read the Study at University of California San Francisco »


  Psychological Science
This Week in Psychological Science (TWiPS)
The link below will take you to the journal article:
Print-Speech Convergence Predicts Future Reading Outcomes in Early Readers
Jonathan L. Preston, Peter J. Molfese, Stephen J. Frost, W. Einar Mencl, Robert K. Fulbright, Fumiko Hoeft, Nicole Landi, Donald Shankweiler, and Kenneth R. Pugh

The ability to process spoken language serves as a scaffold on which children can learn to process written language. In this study, the authors examined whether convergent activation for print and speech in areas of the brain involved in printed-language processing predict later reading achievement. Children between the ages of 6 and 10 were assessed for reading skill and they performed a picture-identification task while fMRI data were collected. Two years later, children were again assessed for reading skills. The researchers found that patterns of activation in the bilateral inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) -- an area of the brain involved in phonological coding for speech and print -- predicted reading achievement. More coactivation in the left IFG predicted better reading achievement and greater coactivation in the right IFG predicted poorer reading achievement.


  In the brain
Between the ears: In the brain, Chinese and English are more similar than they look on paper

By John Higgins, Seattle Times education reporter.

“The principles by which reading is built into the brain are far more similar than dissimilar across languages and that has clear implications for how you teach reading and how you remediate disorders of reading,” said Kenneth Pugh, a co-author on the paper.

We’re not born with the brain circuitry we need for reading. We have to be taught.

Specifically, beginning readers learn to sound out words by matching what they see to what they say.

As reading becomes more effortless, the brain forms efficient circuitry linking the visual system to the speech centers in the left hemisphere.

Read the entire article on the study led by Jay Rueckl and co-authored by Kenneth Pugh and Steve Frost.


blue ribbon commission
New Haven’s Mayor Harp introduces blue ribbon commission to focus, grow district reading efforts
Haskins President Ken Pugh and Haskins Senior Scientist Julia Irwin appointed to New Haven Mayor's Blue Ribbon Commission on Reading
Blue Ribbon Commission on Reading

Haskins President Ken Pugh, New Haven Mayor Toni Harp, New Haven School Superintendent Garth Harries and other appointees attend the City Hall Press Conference announcing the launch of the Blue Ribbon Commission on Reading.

Garth and other members of Mayor's Commission

Posted: 11/24/15. Harris hopes students across the district can develop a similar relationship with reading that he did as a child. This task is now in the hands of a blue ribbon commission on reading, which Harries helped introduce Tuesday at City Hall with Mayor Toni Harp.   The 39-member commission aims to help the city strengthen student reading comprehension and appreciation for reading among its residents.  « Read the article at the New Haven Register »


Dr. Fumiko Hoeft
Learning & the Brain® Presented the “2015 Transforming Education Through Neuroscience Award” at Its Educational Conference in Boston on Sunday

Posted on November 16, 2015.Learning & the Brain presented Dr. Fumiko Hoeft from the University of California, San Francisco with the “2015 Transforming Education Through Neuroscience Award” for her contributions to bridging the gap between brain research and classroom practice during the Learning & the Brain educational conference in Boston, MA..

Learning & the Brain presented Dr. Fumiko Hoeft from the University of California, San Francisco with the “2015 Transforming Education Through Neuroscience Award” this past Sunday. Dr. Hoeft is a groundbreaking researcher whose research lies at the intersection of education and cognitive neuroscience was awarded the eighth annual prize for “Transforming Education Through Neuroscience.” The $2,500 award was established to honor individuals who represent excellence in bridging neuroscience and education and is funded by the Learning & the Brain Foundation. « Read the News Release »


Listening to Faces
‘Listening to Faces’ examines communication skills of kids with autism
NEW HAVEN — Most of us look at our companion’s face when they’re speaking.

“There’s a lot of information on the face, not just identity,” explains Haskins Scientist Julia Irwin, an associate professor of psychology at Southern Connecticut State University. “I know how you feel but I can also see the visible articulation of your speech.” But, children with autism often avoid eye contact, and don’t look at other’s faces during verbal exchanges See the interview below..


Philip Rubin
Philip Rubin named to American Academy of Arts & Sciences Commission on Learning
Philip Rubin, former Principal Assistant Director for Science, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and Senior Advisor to the President, Haskins Laboratories was named to the Commission.
« Read the News Release »
Dr. Pugh Recognized as Champion of Children
Dr. Kenneth R. Pugh was recognized as a ‘Champion of Children’ during Read to Grow’s 15th anniversary celebration on April 25th in Portland, CT. The Connecticut nonprofit promotes early childhood literacy. Dr. Pugh’s leadership, research, and medical and academic accomplishments at Haskins Laboratories, Yale University, University of Connecticut and elsewhere in the nation and around the world. « Read the News Release »

SCSU researchers looking for underlying communication difficulties among those with autism
NEW HAVEN, CT (WFSB) - Researchers at Southern Connecticut State University are excited about a new study that they said they believe will give parents and doctors more insight into what goes on inside of an autistic child's brain. The three-step study starts with cognitive and language testing, and then the child goes to Haskins Laboratories at Yale University.
« See more at Eyewitness News 3 WFSB »

The sounds that bind us

“Haskins brings together neuroscientists, psychologists, linguists and engineers from across the world to understand human language. It’s not an easy task. Haskins must draw from many disciplines — speech is not simply a sound. It’s intertwined with the faces we see, the words we read, the ways we move our mouths. Haskins isn’t just about silence in a walled-off room of cones. . . . It’s about words, spoken and written. It’s about connection and communication, and about the moments when these connections crack."
« Read the full article at Yale Daily News »


Study Aims to Find Source of Childhood Autism Language Problems

“This study could be transformative in terms of what we learn about autism spectrum disorders and for intervention for speech language programs,” said Julia Irwin, associate professor of psychology and the lead investigator for the project, a partnership between Southern Connecticut State University and Haskins Laboratories.
« Read the full article »


Study focused on improving communication skills of children with autism

Thomas Vergara was among the first to participate in the Listening to Faces study where they are focused on improving communication skills for children like Thomas who are on the autism spectrum.
SCSU Associate Professor of Psychology and Haskins Senior Scientist Julia Irwin is the lead investigator.
« Read the story at News 8 WTNH »


Haskins Senior Scientist and SCSU Associate Professor Julia Irwin explains study focused on improving communication skills of children with autism

NEW HAVEN >> With his eyes tightly shut, Jerren Farrison sat while a net with dozens of electrodes was fitted over his head and face. What must be a somewhat intimidating-looking net in the eyes of a 6-year-old will report out which parts of Jerren’s brain is working and when it is during different activities.
« Read the article in the New Haven Register »


Watch an NBC Universal Interview with Haskins Senior Scientists Jonathan Preston and Jessica Whittle: Using ultrasound to help kids with speech problems.


Dr. Elpis Pavlidou at EURAXESS SCIENCE SLAM NORTH AMERICA 2014, MaRS Discovery District, Toronto, ON, Canada, 22 October 2014. Slam Title: ‘The Little Spie and the Hidden Word’.


Julia Irwin
Watch an NBC Universal Interview with Haskins Senior Scientist Julia Irwin on Toddlers and Tablets.


Julia Irwin and Dina Moore
The book, Preparing Children for Reading Success: Hands-On Activities for Librarians, Educators, and Caregivers by Haskins Senior Scientist Julia Irwin and Southern Connecticut State University Assistant Professor Dina Moore, is now available at Amazon.

The book will not only familiarize anyone who reads to young children with the essentials of promoting early and emerging literacy, but also contains more than 25 ready-to-go activities that can be immediately used to foster this critical skill development. « Read more »


Ken Pugh
Embracing Dyslexia: The Interviews - Dr. Ken Pugh
Published on Feb 23, 2014
Dr. Ken Pugh is President, Director of Research and a Senior Scientist at Haskins Laboratories in New Haven, Connecticut. He is also the Director of the Yale Reading Center.

Dr. Pugh's primary contributions have been in the areas of cognitive neuroscience and psycholinguistics. He was among the first scientists to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to reveal brain activity associated with reading and reading disabilities including those with dyslexia.


Christine Shadle
Christine Shadle, Senior Scientist at Haskins Laboratories has been elected to the Executive Council of the Acoustical Society of America for a three-year term, 2014-2017.

Her research concerns the acoustics of speech production. She has been an Associate Editor of Speech Production for the Journal of the Acoustical Society of America since 2006.


Vocal Fry
Haskins Scientist Christian DiCanio discusses “vocal fry” with Business Insider.

Many linguistic studies intending to compare opinions on a type of speech will alter human voices electronically, Christian DiCanio, a researcher at Haskin Laboratories at Yale University, told Business Insider.
« Read the full article at Business Insider »


Philip Rubin
UVF
New Haven lab trying ultrasound therapy to treat speech disorders

A New Haven, Connecticut based company is trialing the use of ultra-sound to see if it can improve and speed up a patient’s ability to see as well as hear their speech during therapy sessions.

Haskins Laboratories, a speech and language organization, is the only laboratory in New England carrying out this clinical research and just one of ten organizations across the U.S. looking at ultra-sound.
« Read More » hr style="border-top: dotted 1px;" />

>child reading
Levels of key brain chemicals predict children’s reading ability
New Haven, Conn. – Reading-impaired young children have higher levels of the metabolites glutamate and choline in their brains, and these higher levels continue to be indicative of difficulties in developing typical reading and language skills, a Yale study has found. The study appears in the Journal of Neuroscience.

« Read the News Release »


Ken Pugh
The Science of Speech

Haskins President and Director of Research Kenneth Pugh says researchers there have done extensive work on reading and writing development with a significant focus on dyslexia. He is often cited as an early user of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which can visually represent the brain activity that takes place during different cognitive tasks.
« Read More »


Ken Stevens
RLE Remembers Professor Ken Stevens
He made many significant contributions to speech research, with some of the most highly cited articles in the field. His book, Acoustic Phonetics, is a touchstone for the analysis of the speech signal. He was very active in the Acoustical Society of America -- serving as President, and receiving the Silver Medal in Speech, and Gold Medal -- and heading the Speech Research Laboratory of Electronics at MIT, supervising numerous graduate and post-doctoral students. At Haskins Laboratories, we were fortunate to have him serve on the Board of Directors from 1996 to 2005.
« Read More »
David Ostrys
Researchers Unlock the "Sound of Learning" by Linking Sensory and Motor Systems

Learning to talk also changes the way speech sounds are heard, according to a new study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by scientists at Haskins Laboratories, a Yale-affiliated research laboratory. The findings could have a major impact on improving speech disorders.
« Read More »


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